Nile Basin Initiative

The Nile Basin Initiative (NBI) is an inter-governmental organization dedicated to equitable and sustainable management and development of the shared water resources of the Nile Basin. NBI Member States include Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Egypt, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Sudan, Tanzania and Uganda. Eritrea is as an observer.

The NBI was established on February 22, 1999 in Dar es Salaam, by Ministers responsible for Water Affairs of each of the nine Member States. The Nile Council of Ministers (Nile-COM) agreed on a Shared Vision which states: ‘to achieve sustainable socio-economic development through the equitable utilization of and benefit from the common Nile Basin water resources’.

The Nile Basin Initiative, being the body in Africa which has to manage the largest river system with the most member countries, has several monitoring and reporting obligations, to which TIGER-NET contributes to. Specifically, their requirements for capacity build up are well placed within IWRM initiatives. These are:

  • The Eastern Nile Subsidiary Action Program (ENSAP), supported for its watershed management programs with an EO based approach to establish erosion potential indicator maps and for its flood monitoring programs (FPEW) with the capacity to analyse historical floods as well as monitor on-going ones.
  • The Nile Equatorial Lakes Subsidiary Program (NELSAP), supported in its effort to assess and monitor the water quality of Lake Victoria
  • Both the Nile-Secretariat and ENSAP-Secretariat (ENTRO) supported in the assessment and management of wetland areas.